
Oscilloscope – vertical (analog) 
Channels 
PicoScope 9341: 4 All other models: 2 
Bandwidth Full Narrow 
DC to 20 GHz DC to 10 GHz 
Rise time (calculated) Full bandwidth Narrow bandwidth 
10% to 90%, t_{R} = 0.35/BW 17.5 ps 35 ps 
Input connectors 
2.92 mm (K) female, compatible with SMA and PC3.5 
Resolution 
16 bits, 40 μV/LSB 
Scale factors (sensitivity) 
1 mV/div to 500 mV/div in 125 sequence with 0.5% fine increments 
Operating input voltage 
1 V pp within ±1 V range (with digital feedback, singlevalued) ±400 mV relative to channel offset (without digital feedback, multivalued) 
Nominal input impedance 
(50 ±1) Ω 
Accuracy 
±2% of full scale ±2 mV over nominal temperature range (assuming temperaturerelated calibrations are performed) 
DC offset range 
Adjustable from −1.000 V to 1.000 V in 10 mV increments (coarse). Also adjustable in fine increments of 0.2 mV. Referenced to the center of display graticule. 
Maximum safe input voltage 
16 dBm, or ±2 V (DC + peak AC) 
Optical/electrical converter (PicoScope 9321) 
Bandwidth (−3 dB) 
9.5 GHz typical 
Effective wavelength range 
750 nm to 1650 nm 
Calibrated wavelengths 
850 nm (MM), 1310 nm (MM/SM), 1550 nm (SM) 
Transition time 
51 ps typical (10% to 90% calculated from t_{R} = 0.48/optical BW) 
Noise 
4 μW (1310 & 1550 nm), 6 μW (850 nm) maximum @ full electrical bandwidth 
DC accuracy 
±25 μW ±10% of full scale 
Maximum input peak power 
+7 dBm (1310 nm) 
Fiber input 
Singlemode (SM) or multimode (MM) 
Fiber input connector 
FC/PC 
Input return loss 
SM: −24 dB typical MM: −16 dB typical, −14 dB maximum 
Timebase (sequential equivalent time sampling mode) 
Digitizing rate 
With digital feedback (singlevalued): DC to 1 MHz Without digital feedback (multivalued): DC to 40 kHz 
Delta time interval accuracy 
Sequential equivalent time 
For >200 ps/div: ±0.2% of of delta time interval ±12 ps. 
Random equivalent time 
For =200 ps/div: ±5% of Delta time interval ±5 ps, whichever is smaller. 
Real time 
±0.2% of of delta time interval or full horizontal scale, whichever is greater. 
Scale 
Sequential equivalent time 
5 ps/div to 3.2 ms/div (main, intensified and delayed) 
Random equivalent time 
50 ns/div to 100 us/div 
Real time 
2 μs/div to 100 ms/div 
Roll 
200 ms/div to 10 s/div 
Time interval resolution 
Sequential equivalent time 
=(screen width) / (record length) or approximately 64 fs, whichever is larger. 
Random equivalent time 
4 ns min. 
Real time 
1 μs min. 
Data record length 
32 to 32 768 points (single channel) in x2 sequence 
Deskew 
1 ps resolution, 100 ns max 
Acquisition modes 
Sample (normal), average, envelope 
Dynamic performance (typical) 
RMS noise Full bandwidth Narrow bandwidth With averaging 
< 1.5 mV typical, < 2 mV maximum < 0.8 mV typical, < 1.1 mV maximum 100 μV system limit 
Trigger 
Trigger sources 
All models: external direct, external prescaled, internal direct and internal clock triggers. PicoScope 9302 and 9321 only: external clock recovery trigger 
External direct trigger bandwidth and sensitivity 
DC to 100 MHz : 100 mV pp 100 MHz to 2.5 GHz: increasing linearly to 200 mV pp 
External direct trigger jitter 
1.8 ps (typ.) or 2.0 ps (max.) + 20 ppm of delay setting, RMS 
Internal direct trigger bandwidth and sensitivity 
DC to 10 MHz: 100 mV pp 10 MHz to 100 MHz: 100 mV pp to 400 mV pp (channels 1 and 2 only) 
Internal direct trigger jitter 
35 ps (typ.) or 40 ps (max.) + 20 ppm of delay setting, RMS (channels 1 and 2 only) 
External prescaled trigger bandwidth and sensitivity 
1 to 14 GHz: 200 mV pp to 2 V pp 
External prescaled trigger jitter 
1.8 ps (typ.) or 2.0 ps (max.) + 20 ppm of delay setting, RMS 
Pattern sync trigger clock frequency 
10 MHz to 11.3 GHz 
Pattern sync trigger pattern length 
7 to 8 388 607 (2^{23}−1) 
Clock recovery (PicoScope 9302 and 9321) 
Clock recovery trigger data rate and sensitivity 
6.5 Mb/s to 100 Mb/s: 100 mV pp >100 Mb/s to 11.3 Gb/s: 20 mV pp 
Recovered clock trigger jitter 
1 ps (typ.) or 1.5 ps (max.) + 1.0% of unit interval 
Maximum safe trigger input voltage 
±2 V (DC + peak AC) 
Input characteristics 
50 Ω, AC coupled 
Input connector 
SMA (F) 
Signal generator output 
Modes 
Pulse, PRBS NRZ/RZ, 500 MHz clock, trigger out 
Period range, pulse mode 
8 ns to 524 μs 
Bit time range, NRZ/RZ mode 
4 ns to 260 μs 
NRZ/RZ pattern length 
2^{7}−1 to 2^{23}−1 
TDR pulse outputs 
PicoScope 9311 
PicoScope 9312 
Number of output channels 
2, differential 
Impedance 
50 Ω 
Connectors 
Front panel SMA (f) x 2 
Head N (m) fitted with N (f)SMA (m) adaptor 
Output enable 
Independent control for each channel 
Pulse polarity 
Channel 1: positivegoing from zero volts Channel 2: negativegoing from zero volts 
Interchangeable positive and negative pulse heads 
Rise time (20% to 80%) 
57 ps guaranteed 
35 ps guaranteed 
Amplitude 
2.5 V to 6 V into 50 Ω 
200 mV typical into 50 Ω 
Amplitude adjustment 
20 mV increments 
Fixed 
Amplitude accuracy 
±10% 

Offset 

90 mV max. into 50 Ω 
Level protection 
Adjustable from 2.5 V to 8 V 

Output pairing 
Amplitudes and limit paired or independent 

Period range 
1 μs to 60 ms 
Period accuracy 
±100 ppm 
Width range 
200 ns to 4 μs, 0% to 50% duty cycle 
Width accuracy 
±10% of width ±100 ns 
Deskew between outputs 
−1 ns to +1 ns typical, in 1 ps increments 
−500 ps to +500 ps typical, in 1 ps increments 
Timing modes 
Step, coarse timebase, pulse 
Patterns 
NRZ and RZ with variable length 
TDR pretrigger output 
PicoScope 9311 
PicoScope 9312 
Polarity 
Positivegoing from zero volts 
Amplitude 
700 mV typical into 50 Ω 
Pretrigger 
25 ns to 35 ns typical, adjustable in 5 ps increments 
Pretrigger to output jitter 
2 ps max. 

TDT system 
PicoScope 9311 
PicoScope 9312 
Number of TDT channels 
2 
Incident rise time (combined oscilloscope and pulse generator, 10% to 90%) 
60 ps or less, each polarity 
40 ps or less, each polarity 
Jitter 
3 ps + 20 ppm of delay setting, RMS, max. 
2.2 ps + 20 ppm of delay setting, RMS, max. 
Corrected rise time 
Min. 50 ps or 0.1 x time/div, whichever is greater, typical Max. 3 x time/div, typical 
Min. 30 ps or 0.1 x time/div, whichever is greater, typical. Max. 3 x time/div, typical. 
Corrected aberrations 
= 0.5% typical 
TDR system 
PicoScope 9311 
PicoScope 9312 
Number of channels 
2 
Incident step amplitude 
50% of input pulse amplitude, typical 
Incident rise time (combined oscilloscope, step generator and TDR kit, 10% to 90%) 
60 ps or less, each polarity 
40 ps or less, each polarity 
Reflected step amplitude 
25% of input pulse amplitude, typical 
Reflected rise time (combined oscilloscope, step generator and TDR kit, 10% to 90%) 
65 ps or less @ 50 Ω termination, each polarity 
45 ps or less @ 50 Ω termination, each polarity 
Corrected rise time 
Minimum: 50 ps or 0.1 x time/div, whichever is greater, typical. Maximum: 3 x time/div, typical. 
Minimum: 30 ps or 0.1 x time/div, whichever is greater, typical. Maximum: 3 x time/div, typical. 
Corrected aberration 
= 1% typical 
Measured parameters 
Propagation delay, gain, gain dB 
TDR/TDT scaling 
PicoScope 9311 
PicoScope 9312 
TDT vertical scale 
volts, gain (10 m/div to 100 /div) 
TDR vertical scale 
volts, ρ (10 mρ/div to 2 ρ/div), Ω (1 Ω/div to 100 Ω/div) 
Horizontal scale 
time (200 ns/div longest) or distance (meter, foot, inch) 
Distance preset units 
propagation velocity (0.1 to 1.0) or dielectric constant (1 to 100) 
Math functions 
Mathematics 
Up to four math waveforms can be defined and displayed 
Math functions, arithmetic 
+, −, ×, ÷, ceiling, floor, fix, round, absolute, invert, (x+y)/2, ax+b 
Math functions, algebraic 
e^{x}, ln, 10^{x}, log_{10}, a^{x}, log_{a}, d/dx, integrate, x^{2}, sqrt, x^{3}, x^{a}, x^{−1}, sqrt(x^{2} +y^{2}) 
Math functions, trigonometric 
sin, sin^{−1}, cos, cos^{−1}, tan, tan^{−1}, cot, cot^{−1}, sinh, cosh, tanh, coth 
Math functions, FFT 
Complex FFT, complex inverse FFT, magnitude, phase, real, imaginary 
Math functions, combinatorial logic 
AND, NAND, OR, NOR, XOR, XNOR, NOT 
Math functions, interpolation 
Linear, sin(x)/x, trend, smoothing 
Math functions, other 
Custom formula 
FFT 
Up to four FFTs simultaneously 
FFT window functions 
Rectangular, Hamming, Hann, flattop, Blackman–Harris, Kaiser–Bessel 
Eye diagram 
Automatically characterizes NRZ and RZ eye patterns based on statistical analysis of waveform 
Measurement and analysis 
Markers 
Vertical bars, horizontal bars (measure volts) or waveform markers 
Automatic measurements 
Up to 10 at once 
Measurements, X parameters 
Period, frequency, pos/neg width, rise/fall time, pos/neg duty cycle, pos/neg crossing, burst width, cycles, time at max/min, pos/neg jitter ppm/RMS 
Measurements, Y parameters 
Max, min, top, base, peakpeak, amplitude, middle, mean, cycle mean, AC/DC RMS, cycle AC/DC RMS, pos/neg overshoot, area, cycle area 
Measurements, tracetotrace 
Delay 1R1R, delay 1F1R, delay 1RnR, delay 1FnR, delay 1R1F, delay 1F1F, delay 1RnF, delay 1FnF, phase deg/rad/%, gain, gain dB 
Eye measurements, X NRZ 
Area, bit rate, bit time, crossing time, cycle area, duty cycle distortion abs/%, eye width abs/%, rise/fall time, frequency, period, jitter pp/RMS 
Eye measurements, Y NRZ 
AC RMS, average power lin/dB, crossing %/level, extinction ratio dB/%/lin, eye amplitude, eye height lin/dB, max/min, mean, middle, pos/neg overshoot, noise pp/RMS one/zero level, pp, RMS, S/N ratio lin/dB. 
Eye measurements, X RZ 
Area, bit rate/time, cycle area, eye width abs/%, rise/fall time, jitter pp/RMS fall/rise, neg/pos crossing, pos duty cycle, pulse symmetry, pulse width 
Eye measurements, Y RZ 
AC RMS, average power lin/dB, contrast ratio lin/dB/%, extinction ratio lin/dB/%, eye amplitude, eye high lin/dB, eye opening, max, min, mean, middle, noise pp/RMS one/zero, one/zero level, peakpeak, RMS, S/N 
Histogram 
Vertical or horizontal 
Mask tests 
Mask geometry 
Acquired signals are tested for fit outside areas defined by up to eight polygons. Standard or userdefined masks can be selected. 
Builtin masks, ANSI T1.102 
DS1 (1.544 Mb/s) to STS3 (155.520 Mb/s) 
Builtin masks, Ethernet 
1.25 Gb/s 1000BaseCX Absolute TP2 to 10xGB Ethernet (12.5 Gb/s) 
Builtin masks, Fibre Channel 
FC133 (132.8 Mb/s) to 10x Fibre Channel (10.5188 Gb/s) 
Builtin masks, G.984.2 
XAUIE Far (3.125 Gb/s) 
Builtin masks, InfiniBand 
2.5G (2.5 Gb/s) to 5.0G (5 Gb/s) 
Builtin masks, ITU G.703 
DS1 (1.544 Mb/s) to 155 Mb (155.520 Mb/s) 
Builtin masks, PCI Express 
R1.0a 2.5G (2.5 Gb/s) to R2.1 5.0G (5 Gb/s) 
Builtin masks, RapidIO 
Level 1, 1.25 Gb/s to 3.125 Gb/s 
Builtin masks, SATA 
1.5G (1.5 Gb/s) to 3.0G (3 Gb/s) 
Builtin masks, SONET/SDH 
OC1/STMO (51.84 Mb/s) to FEC 1071 (10.709 Gb/s) 
Builtin masks, USB 
USB 3.0 (5 Gb/s), USB 3.1 (10 Gb/s) 
Builtin masks, XAUI 
3.125 Gb/s 
Display 
Styles 
Dots, vectors, persistence, grey scaling, color grading 
Persistence time 
Variable or infinite 
Screen formats 
Auto, single YT, dual YT, quad YT, XY, XY + YT, XY + 2 YT 
Environmental 
Temperature range (operating) 
+5 °C to +35 °C. 
Temperature range (stated accuracy) 
+15 °C to +25 °C. 
Temperature range (storage) 
−20 °C to +50 °C 
Physical properties 
Dimensions 
170 mm x 260 mm x 40 mm (W x D x H) 
Weight 
1.2 kg max 
Software 
PicoSample 3 for Windows 
PicoSample 3 software has many advanced features such as mathematical analysis, histogram analysis, eyediagram analysis and mask testing. All features are included as standard. Updates can be downloaded for free. 
Software development kit 
The SDK allows you to control the scope from your own program. The software can act as an ActiveX COM server, allowing any program to send commands to it using a standard Windows protocol. This is ideal for production–test environments where multiple scopes need to be controlled from a single PC, or where automated tests need to be run. The SDK contains full documentation and example code for various programming languages. 
Languages 
English 
General 
PC operating system requirements 
32bit edition of Windows XP (SP3), 32 or 64bit edition of Windows Vista, Windows 7 or Windows 8 (not Windows RT) 
LAN connection 
10/100 Mb/s (PicoScope 9211A and 9231A only) 
USB ports 
USB 2.0 (compatible with USB 3.0 and USB 1.1) 
Compliance 
FCC (EMC), CE (EMC and LVD) 
Total satisfaction guarantee 
In the event that this product does not fully meet your requirements you can return it for an exchange or refund. To claim, the product must be returned in good condition within 14 days. 
Warranty 
2 years (1 year for input sampler)  